Title: Unveiling the Beauty of Satpura Range: Exploring the Satpura, Highest Peak, the Queen of Satpura
Nestled in the heart of India, the Satpura Range is a natural wonder that is often overshadowed by its more popular counterparts, such as the Himalayas and the Western Ghats.
However, this range has a unique charm that sets it apart from the rest.
The Satpura Range spans across Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat and is home to the highest peak of Satpura Range, dense Satpura ke ghane jungle, beautiful Satpura hills, and the famous Queen of Satpura.
This article will take you on a journey through the Satpura Range, uncovering its hidden gems and exploring the natural beauty that it has to offer.
Unveiling the Beauty of Satpura: Exploring the Satpura Range, Highest Peak, Dense Jungles, Hills, and the Queen of Satpura
Are you ready for an adventure into the heart of India? Then let’s delve into the hidden gem of Satpura, where natural beauty and cultural significance coexist. This article will explore the Satpura Range, including the highest peak of Satpura Range, Satpura ke ghane jungle, Satpura hills, Satpura Range in India map, and the Queen of Satpura. Join us as we take a journey through the dense jungles, mesmerizing hills, and breathtaking landscapes of Satpura.
Satpura Range – A Brief Overview
Stretching across Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, the Satpura Range is a natural wonder that is often overlooked in favor of the more famous Himalayas and Western Ghats. However, Satpura has a unique charm that sets it apart from other mountain ranges. Satpura Range in India map shows its strategic location in the heart of the country.
The Satpura Range is a chain of hills situated in the heart of India. It emerges in the eastern part of Gujarat and extends towards the eastern border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, concluding in Chhattisgarh. The range runs parallel to the Vindhya Range in the north, and together, these two east-west ranges divide the Indian Subcontinent into two regions: the Indo-Gangetic plain in the north and the Deccan Plateau in the south.
The origin of the Narmada River lies in the northeastern part of the Satpura range in Amarkantak. It flows through the depression between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges, draining the northern slopes of the Satpura range before heading west towards the Arabian Sea. On the other hand, the Tapti River springs from the central-eastern part of the Satpura range, crossing the range’s center and streaming towards the west on the southern slopes of the range. It ultimately meets the Arabian Sea at Surat and drains the central and southern slopes of the range.
The place of origin of the Tapi River, Multai, is located around 465 kilometers southwest of Amarkantak, separated by the hill range. The Godavari River and its tributaries drain the Deccan plateau, which lies south of the Satpura range. Similarly, the Mahanadi River drains the easternmost portion of the range. Both the Godavari and Mahanadi rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal. At the eastern end of the Satpura range, it meets the hills of the Chotanagpur Plateau.
The Satpura Range is classified as a horst mountain and is flanked by the Narmada Graben in the north and a smaller but parallel Tapi Graben in the south.
The mountain range dividing Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh is more than just a physical boundary. It serves as the foundation for two distinct ecoregions: the eastern highlands moist deciduous forests and the Narmada valley dry deciduous forests. The eastern portion of the range receives plentiful rainfall, leading to a lush and verdant landscape. In contrast, the western region is seasonally dry and arid. The Narmada and Tapti rivers flow through these regions, providing life-sustaining water to the surrounding areas. The Narmada originates in eastern Madhya Pradesh and flows west, carving a narrow path between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges, before emptying into the Gulf of Khambhat. Meanwhile, the Tapti follows a shorter, parallel route south of the Narmada, passing through Maharashtra and Gujarat before joining the Arabian Sea. This unique geography has fostered a diverse array of flora and fauna, making the mountain range and its surrounding areas a vital ecosystem deserving of protection and preservation.
The Satpura range, although once heavily forested, has unfortunately undergone deforestation in recent decades. Despite this, there are still significant areas of forest that remain intact, providing crucial habitat for several endangered and vulnerable species. Among these species are the Bengal tiger, Barasingha, gaur, dhole, sloth bear, chousingha, and blackbuck.
Fortunately, the Satpura range is now home to several tiger reserves, and many protected areas have been designated in the region, including the Kanha, Pench, Gugamal, and Satpura National Parks, the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, the Melghat Tiger Reserve, and the Bori Reserve Forest.
Despite these conservation efforts, the Satpura range still faces many challenges, including the impact of development and infrastructure projects, as well as illegal logging and poaching. The Satpura Foundation is a grassroots organization that works to coordinate conservation efforts in the area, aiming to preserve this vital ecosystem and the species that call it home.
Pench National Park, located in the southern region of the Satpura range, is named after the Pench River that flows through the area. It was declared the 19th Project Tiger Reserve in India in 1992 and boasts of tropical moist deciduous forests. The park covers a total area of 758 sq km, comprising a core area of 299 sq km of Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park and Mowgli Pench Sanctuary, while the remaining 464 sq km is the buffer area of the Pench National Park. The reserve has a rich history that dates back to the Mughal era and Rudyard Kipling’s famous work, The Jungle Book.
Chhindwara, one of the larger towns in the Satpura range, is surrounded by lush green fields, rivers and sagwan trees. It is situated on a plateau and is encompassed by dense forests that are home to diverse flora and fauna. The important rivers of Chhindwara are Pench and Kanhan, and the town is easily accessible by rail or road from nearby cities Nagpur and Jabalpur. While the nearest airport is in Nagpur, a small air-strip is also available in Chhindwara for charter aeroplanes and helicopters.
Pachmarhi, a popular hill station in the Satpura range, is located in Madhya Pradesh and has a lot to offer to tourists, from its forests and animal reserves to its rivers and rocky terrain. Known as the ‘Queen of Satpura,’ Pachmarhi is a favourite destination for trekking, fishing, and adventure activities. It also attracts Bollywood filmmakers for its picturesque locations. Dhupgarh, the highest point in the Satpura range, is located in Pachmarhi.
The Satpura range boasts of several national parks, hill stations, reserves, and towns that attract hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.
Places mentioned here are from East to west
The pilgrim town and Nagar Panchayat of Amarkantak (NLK Amarakaaka), also known as “Teerthraj” (the monarch of pilgrimages), is located in Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, India.
The Vindhya and Satpura Ranges meet in the Amarkantak region, which is a special natural heritage site. The Maikal Hills serve as the meeting spot.
The Narmada River, Son River, and Johila River all start here.
On Kabir Chabutra, also known as the platform of Kabir, which is located in the village of Amarkantak, the well-known Indian mystic and poet Kabir is said to have meditated.
One of Madhya Pradesh’s well-known national parks, Bandhavgarh National Park is situated north of Amarkantak in the Umaria district of the state, close to the Satpura Range.
With a 105 km2 territory, Bandhavgarh was designated as a national park in 1968.
The 437 km2 buffer is dispersed across the Umaria and Katni forest sections.
The most notable hillock in the area, which is said to have been given by Hindu Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep an eye on Lanka, is where the park gets its name. (Ceylon).
Thus, Bandhavgarh (Sanskrit for “Brother’s Fort”) got its moniker. There is a lot of biodiversity in this area.
One of the highest recorded tiger population densities in India is found at Bandhavgarh.
Numerous species of deer and a sizable breeding population of leopards can be found in the area.
In 1951, the Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa caught the first white tiger in this area.
Mohan, a white tiger, is currently stuffed and on exhibit in the Maharajas of Rewa’s palace.
In the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh’s Mandla and Balaghat districts is Kanha National Park, a national park and tiger sanctuary close to the range.
In the 1930s, Kanha area was split into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km2. On June 1st, 1955, Kanha National Park was established.
It now encompasses 940 km2 in the two municipalities of Mandla and Balaghat. The Kanha Tiger Reserve is made up of this area, a 1,067 km2 buffer zone around it, and the 110 km2 Phen Sanctuary nearby.
Department of Forests of Madhya Pradesh. obtained on April 14, 2010.
As a result, it is Central India’s biggest national park.
Royal Bengal tigers, leopards, sloth bears, barasinghas, and Indian wild dogs are all abundant in the area.
Rudyard Kipling drew influence for his well-known book “Jungle Book” from the lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows, and ravines of Kanha.
South of the Satpura is where you’ll find Pench National Park. It bears the name of the nearby Pench River, which runs through this region. The 1992 declaration made this the 19th project tiger sanctuary in India. Tropical moist deciduous woodland is present. wandering from north to south through the area. It can be found in the districts of Seoni and Chhindwara, which are on Madhya Pradesh’s southern frontier with Maharashtra. Pench National Park is made up of 758 km2 (293 sq mi), of which 299 km2 (115 sq mi) is the core area, which includes the Mowgli Pench Sanctuary and Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, and the remainder 464 km2 (179 sq mi) is the buffer area. The current tiger sanctuary is located in a region with a rich past. In Ain-i-Akbari, the natural riches and richness of the region are described.
The Jungle Book, Rudyard Kipling’s most well-known work, was originally situated in Pench Tiger Reserve and the surrounding area.
One of the bigger villages in the Satpura range is called Chhindwara.
It is perched on a plateau and encircled by sagwan trees, rivers, and verdant meadows. Chhindwara is encircled by a thick woodland with a variety of plant and animal life.
Two significant waterways in Chhindwara are Pench and Kanhan.
An urban agglomeration and town, Chhindwara is located in the Madhya Pradesh state of India’s Chhindwara district.
The Chhindwara District’s executive center is there. From the neighboring cities of Nagpur and Jabalpur, Chhindwara is accessible by train or by road.
The closest airport is in Nagpur (130 km away), but charter aircraft and helicopters can arrive at a smaller airport (airstrip) in Chhindwara.
Pachmarhi, a hill station in the range is situated in Madhya Pradesh, has a number of attractions from its forests, animal reserve, rivers and rocky terrain.
It is a popular tourism location for hiking, fishing, and adventurous pursuits.
It also has the moniker “Queen of Satpura” and has become a popular location for Bollywood movie shoots.
Pachmarhi is home to Dhupgarh, the Satpura range’s highest peak.
The Madhya Pradesh region of Narmadapuram is home to Satpura National Park.
The Satpura ranges are where it receives its name. It encompasses 524 km2. (202 sq mi).
Satpura National Park offers 1,427 km2 (551 sq mi) of a distinctive central Indian highland environment, along with the neighboring Bori and Panchmarhi Sanctuaries.
The national park’s landscape is made up of sandstone peaks, deep ravines, small gorges, and exceptionally rough terrain.
Due to its unique environment, Satpura National Park has a very high biodiversity.
Tiger, Indian leopard, sambar, chital, Bhedki, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, bison (gour), wild dog, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian giant squirrel, etc. are some of the species that can be found in this area. There are numerous kinds of animals. Peafowl and hornbills are prevalent bird species here. The flora consists of primarily sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants.
Madhya Pradesh is home to the Bori Wildlife Sanctuary. The Bori Reserve Forest, founded in 1865 along the Tewa River, is the oldest forest preserve in India and is a part of the Bori Wildlife Sanctuary.
The sanctuary, which is situated in the northern slopes of the Satpura Range, has a total area of 518 km2 (200 sq mi).
The Satpura National Park and the Tawa River both border it on the north and east and west, respectively.
In the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh’s Betul region, Multai is both a town and a Nagar Palika. One of Madhya Pradesh’s southern towns, Multai takes up nearly all of the Satpura plateau. When taking into account the nearby small towns, it takes up a sizable portion of the Satpura range’s width between the Narmada Valley on the north and the Bearer Plains on the south.
On the boundary between the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, there is a Jain pilgrimage site called Muktagiri. It is part of the Betul or Baitul region of Madhya Pradesh, India’s Bhainsdehi tehsil. From Paratwada in the Maharashtra district of Amravati, it is 14 km distant. The distance between Muktagiri and Kharpi village is 7 km on the Paratwada-Baitul route. The name “Mendhagiri” is also used for Muktagiri. There are 52 temples on the mountain, encircling a waterfall.
In the Satpura ranges in the Amravati District of Maharashtra, there is a highland retreat called Chikhaldara. There are many rivers, waterfalls, thick woods, rocks, mountains, hiking trails, and cool air there.[Reference required] There are many places to observe it, including the Bhimkund and Devi Point waterfalls, the highest point is Vairat Point, Gavilgarh Fort, Prospect Point, Mozari Point, the Coffee Garden, and Panchbol Point. In the Maharashtrian Vidharbha region, it is the only hill town.
The Melghat Tiger sanctuary is a tiger sanctuary in India’s Maharashtra State, in the Amravati District. The reserve’s borders are formed by the Tapti River and the Gawilgadh ridge of the Satpura Range. Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1985.
Gugamal National Park is another national park situated in Maharashtra and in Satpura range has an area of 1,673.93 km2 (646.31 sq mi). This park is situated in the Chikhaldara and Dharni Tehsils of the Amravati District in Maharashtra, India. It was constructed in 1974. The Melghat Tiger Reserve includes it. The Melghat region’s hilly, rocky forest is a classic southern dry deciduous forest.
A highland retreat in Maharashtra is called Toranmal. On Mahashivratri, thousands of Shiva worshippers flock to the Gorakhnath Temple in this city.
To make the yatra to Toranmal through Shahada, pilgrims frequently trek barefoot for days from nearby areas in the Nandurbar district and across Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat.
Gujarat’s Narmada region is home to the 607.70 km2 (234.63 sq mi) Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary.
There are 575 different types of flowering plants there, large bamboo groves, and a deciduous woodland with semi-evergreen trees.
The Highest Peak of Satpura Range – Dhupgarh
At an elevation of 1,350 meters (4,429 feet), Dhupgarh is the highest peak of Satpura Range. The word “Dhupgarh” is derived from the Hindi words “Dhup” and “Garh,” meaning “sunny fortress.” Dhupgarh is an ideal spot for adventure lovers who enjoy trekking, hiking, and camping. The panoramic view from the top of the peak is breathtaking and worth the effort it takes to reach the summit.
Satpura ke Ghane Jungle – A Dense Forest Cover
Satpura ke ghane jungle is a dense forest cover that is spread over 1,427 square kilometers (551 square miles). It is a treasure trove of biodiversity and is home to many rare and endangered species. The forest is also famous for its bamboo groves, which are a significant source of livelihood for the locals. A jeep safari through the forest is a must-do activity for nature lovers, as it provides an opportunity to spot some of the wildlife in their natural habitat.
Satpura Hills – The Mesmerizing Landscape
The Satpura hills are known for their mesmerizing landscapes, which are a blend of rugged terrain, lush greenery, and tranquil water bodies. The hills offer a perfect backdrop for nature lovers and photographers. The Pachmarhi hill station, located in the Satpura hills, is a popular tourist destination, known for its scenic beauty, waterfalls, and ancient caves.
Satpura Range in India Map – The Geographical Significance
Satpura Range in India map shows its strategic location in the heart of the country. The range acts as a natural barrier between northern and southern India, and its forests are the source of many rivers, including the Tapti, Narmada, and Son. The range is also home to many tribal communities who have lived here for centuries and have adapted to the harsh terrain and climate.
Queen of Satpura – The Regal Beauty
The Queen of Satpura, Pachmarhi, is a picturesque hill station that is often referred to as the “Queen of Satpura.” Pachmarhi is known for its regal beauty and is a popular honeymoon destination. The town is surrounded by lush green forests, cascading waterfalls, and serene lakes. It also has a rich cultural heritage, with many ancient temples and historical monuments.
1-What is Satpura?
Ans-Satpura is a range of hills in central India, located in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh. The Satpura range is part of the larger Deccan Plateau and extends for approximately 900 kilometers.
2-What is the height of the Satpura range?
Ans-The highest peak in the Satpura range is Dhupgarh, which has an elevation of 1,350 meters (4,429 feet) above sea level.
3-What is the climate like in Satpura?
Ans-The climate in Satpura is tropical and humid, with hot summers and mild winters. The monsoon season, from June to September, brings heavy rainfall to the region.
4-What kind of wildlife is found in Satpura?
Ans-Satpura is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, sloth bears, Indian gaurs, chital deer, and wild boars. The Satpura Tiger Reserve is a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts.
5-What are some popular tourist attractions in Satpura?
Ans-Apart from the wildlife reserve, Satpura is also known for its scenic beauty and waterfalls. Some popular tourist attractions include Pachmarhi, a hill station known for its ancient caves and temples, and Tamia, a scenic hill town known for its trekking trails and waterfalls.
6-How can one reach Satpura?
Ans-Satpura can be reached by air, rail, and road. The nearest airports are located in Bhopal and Nagpur. The nearest railway station is in Itarsi, which is well connected to major cities in India. Satpura can also be reached by road via the national highway network.