General Awareness- One Liners
1-The Great Leap Forward (GLF) campaign initiated in 1958 aimed at industrialising the country on a massive scale.
2-In 1965, Mao introduced the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-76) under which students and professionals were sent to work and learn from the countryside.
3-Urbanisation is high in both Pakistan and China with India having 28 per cent of its people living in urban areas
4-The total cultivable area in China accounts for 40 per cent of the cultivable area in India.
5-In China, for one lakh births, only 38 women die whereas in India and Pakistan, more than 200 women die.
6-Various details about the population of British India were first collected through a census in 1881.
7-The agricultural sector accounted for the largest share of workforce, which usually remained at a high of 70-75 per cent while the manufacturing and the services sectors accounted for only 10 and 15-20 percent respectively.
8-The British introduced the railways in India in 1850 and it is considered as one of their most important contributions.
9-In 1950, the Planning Commission was set up with the Prime Minister as its Chairperson. The era of five year plans had begun.
10-Land reforms were successful in Kerala and West Bengal because these states had governments committed to the policy of land to the tiller.
11- The first phase of the green revolution (approximately mid 1960s upto mid 1970s), the use of HYV seeds was restricted to the more affluent states such as Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
12-In the second phase of the green revolution (mid-1970s to mid-1980s), the HYV technology spread to a larger number of states and benefited more variety of crops.
13-In 1955, the Village and Small-Scale Industries Committee, also called the Karve Committee, noted the possibility of using small-scale industries for promoting rural development.
14- The financial sector in India is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
15-Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) such as merchant bankers, mutual funds and pension funds are now allowed to invest in Indian financial markets.
16-The WTO was founded in 1995 as the successor organisation to the General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT).
17-GATT was established in 1948 with 23 countries.
18- In 1962, the Planning Commission formed a Study Group. In 1979, another body called the Task Force on Projections of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand was formed. In 1989 and 2005, an Expert Group was constituted for the same purpose.
19-AICTE- All India Council of Technical Education
20-NCERT- National Council of Educational Research and Training
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