General Awareness- One Liners
1-Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth‘s lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution.
2-Global warming is caused by man-made increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.
3-Ozone Depletion refers to the phenomenon of reductions in the amount of ozone in the stratosphere.
4-The problem of ozone depletion is caused by high levels of chlorine and bromine compounds in the stratosphere.
5-UV radiation seems responsible for skin cancer in humans
6-A reduction of approximately 5 per cent in the ozone layer was detected from 1979 to 1990.
7-India alone accounts for nearly 20 per cent of the world‘s total iron-ore reserves.
8- The Chipko Movement is aimed at protecting forestsin the Himalayas.
9-In Karnataka, a similar movement took a different name, ‗Appiko‘, which means to hug.
On 8 September 1983, when the felling of treeswas started in Salkani forest in Sirsi district.160 men, women and children hugged the trees and forced the woodcutters to leave.
10-India supports approximately 17 per cent of the world‘s human and 20 per cent of livestock population on a mere 2.5 per cent of the world‘s geographical area.
11-In order to address two major environmental concerns in India, viz. water and air pollution, the government set up the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in 1974.
12-Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a clean fuel. It reduces household pollution to a large extent. Also, energy wastage is minimised.
13- India is very much privileged to have about 15,000 species of plants which have medicinal properties. About 8,000 of these are in regular use in various systems of treatment including the folk tradition.
14-India and Pakistan became independent nations in 1947, People‘s Republic of China was established in 1949.
15-India announced its first Five Year Plan for 1951-56, Pakistan announced its first five year plan, now called the Medium Term Development Plan, in 1956.
16-China announced its First Five Year Plan in 1953.
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