Chemistry -Important Terms
1-Antacids -Used for the treatment of acidity – Examples are Eno, & Milk of magnesia [Mg(OH)2]
2-Analgesics – decreases the pain without causing unconsciousness. These are also known as ‘Pain Killers’ -Examples are Asprin, Analgin, seridon etc.
3-Antiseptics -They are applied on living tissues to kill or prevent the growth of micro-organisms – Examples are Dettol, Savlon and Acriflavin etc.
4-Antibiotics -Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infection. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria.Penicillin, Amoxicillin and Ampicillin are some of the examples of antibiotics.
5-Antipyretics -These drugs bring down the body temperature during fever -Paracetamol, Analgin and Novalgin are some examples.
6-Disinfectants -These are antimicrobial agents that are applied to non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects. They are not safe for application on living tissues.Phenol is one example.
7-Tranquizers/ Antidepressants – These are used for treatment of mental diseases. Some of the examples are Equanil, Calmpose, Tofranil, Barbituric Acid, Cocaine and Iproniazids etc.
8-Antihistamins – These are the drugs that compete with histamine for finding sites of receptors and thus interfere with the natural action of histamine. Brompheniramine & Terfenadine are some examples.
9-Antimicrobial – These are used to either kill (bactericidal) or stop the growth of diseases causing microorganisms. (bacteriostatic).
Bacteriostatic Drugs are Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Chloramphenicol
Bactericidal Drugs are Ofloxacin, Aminoglycosides.
10-Antifertility Drugs -These drugs prevent pregnancy in women by controlling menstrual cycle and ovulation – Examples are Norethindrone & Mestranol