Who is the father of Geography?

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Who is the father of Geography?

a. Aristotle
b. Eratosthenes

c. Herodotus

d. Ptolemy

A person who has conducted a significant research about the Earth based on his calculations is referred to as the father of geography.

He was the one who separated Geographical studies from Geography and Physics, which had previously been studied as a single topic.

Complete answer:

All of the folks mentioned in the options are excellent academics.

Let’s take a look at each of our possibilities individually:

a. Aristotle – He was a student of Plato and the principal disciple of Socrates, the renowned philosopher.

Physics, biology, and philosophy were all subjects that he was passionate about.

However, he hasn’t done anything particularly noteworthy in the realm of geography.

As a result, it’s the wrong choice.

b. Eratosthenes – Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician who was fascinated by geography.

He was the father of geography and is credited with calculating the Earth’s circumference.

He also computed the Earth’s tilt axis.

He also devised the concept of Leap Day and computed the distance between the Sun and the Earth.

As a result, it is the best solution.

c. Herodotus – Herodotus was a Persian historian who specialised in biographies of rulers of the time, the most famous of whom was Darius.

As a result, it’s the wrong choice.

d. Ptolemy – Ptolemy was a geographer and an astronomer.

He did, however, live a considerable time after Eratosthenes, who developed the study of geography before Christ’s birth.

As a result, it’s the wrong choice.

As a result, the right response is ‘b. Eratosthenes.’

Note: Because the professors included here are all well-known, there may be some confusion about Aristotle’s status as the founder of geography, given he was knowledgeable in a variety of fields.

Aristotle, on the other hand, studied geography as part of Science, whereas Eratosthenes created it as a separate topic.

The ancient Greek scholar Eratosthenes is known as the “Father of Geography.”

He was the first to use the term geography, and he also possessed a small-scale understanding of the planet, which aided him in calculating the earth’s circumference.

Eratosthenes was a Greek philosopher who lived in the 4th century BC.

Eratosthenes possessed a wide range of abilities.

He was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist who lived in the fifth century BC.

He estimated the Earth’s circumference without leaving Egypt.

He detailed and plotted his whole world in his three-volume work Geography, without even dividing the Earth into five climate zones, which are listed below:

Around the poles, there are two freezing zones, two temperate zones, and a zone that encompasses the equator and the tropics.

He was a lifelong learner and explorer who rose to become the head librarian of the Library of Alexandria.

He created the discipline of geography, as well as the vocabulary that is still used today.

Other Popular Geographers: The Father of Geography

Here are a few well-known geographers who have been dubbed “fathers” of various fields of geography (some of these are open to debate).

Check out the table below for the names of the fathers of various branches of geography.

William Morris David, the Father of American Geography

Sir Charles Lyell, the Father of Geology

Father of Modern Geomorphology- Grove Carl Gilbert

Alexander Von Humboldt, the Father of Phytogeography

Heinrich Caesar Berann, the Father of Modern Cartography

Reid Bryson, the Father of Scientific Climatology

Carl Ritter, the Father of Human Geography.

FAQs about the Father of Geography

1. Who is referred to as the “Father of Geography”?

Ans-The Father of Geography, Eratosthenes, is credited with this title.

2- Who is the Father of Human Geography?

Ans- Carl Ritter is the Father of Human Geography, according to Wikipedia.

Q 3. Who was the first to compute the radius of the Earth?

Ans- For the first time, Eratosthenes estimated the radius of the earth.

Q 4. Who was the first to compute the circumference of the Earth?

Ans-For the first time, Eratosthenes estimated the circumference of the earth.

Q 5. Who was the first to draw an accurate map of the world?

Ans-For the first time, Eratosthenes had drawn an exact map of the world.


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SOURCE: Various Online Genuine Materials(Edited)

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