History One-Liners for various competitive examination
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Maximum questions come from this portion of different competitive exams.
Here are some important History one-liners for students competing for various exams
Watch some of the important Bits below.
1-The priests divided people into four groups, called varnas. The priests said that these groups were decided on the basis of birth.
* The first Varna was the brahmin. Brahmins to study (and teach) the Vedas, perform sacrifices and receive gifts.
* In the second place were the rulers, also known as Kshatriyas. They fight battles and protect people.
* Third were the vish or the vaishyas. They are farmers, herders, and traders.
* Both the kshatriyas and the vaishyas could perform sacrifices.
* The shudras are kept in the last groups, they had to serve the other three groups and could not perform any rituals.
* Women were also grouped with the shudras. Both women and Shudras were not allowed to study the Vedas.
2- The word janapada literally means the land where the jana set its foot and settled down.
3- Magadha became the most important mahajanapada in about two hundred years.
* Magadha had two very powerful rulers, Bimbisara and Ajatasattu.
4-Rajagriha (present-day Rajgir) in Bihar was the capital of Magadha for several years. Afterwards, the capital was shifted to Pataliputra (present-day Patna).
5-Digha Nikaya is a famous Buddhist book. It contains some of the speeches of the Buddha. These were written down about 2300 years ago.
6- There are four Vedas. They are Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. The oldest Veda is the Rigveda, composed about 3500 years ago.
* The Rigveda consists of more than a thousand hymns, called sukta or ‘well-said’.
* These hymns were composed by sages (rishis).
* These hymns are in praise of various gods and goddesses.
* In the previous days, three gods are especially important.
* Agni, the god of fire;
* Indra, a warrior god;
* Soma, a plant from which a special drink was prepared.
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