History – Kabir

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1-Kabir was a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint.

2- His writings influenced Hinduism’s Bhakti movement and his verses are found in Sikhism’s scripture Adi Granth.

3- The poet’s early life was in a Muslim family, but he was strongly influenced by his teacher, the Hindu bhakti leader Ramananda.

4- Kabir stated that the Hinduism was misguided by the Vedas and the Islam by the Quran.

5-To know God, suggested Kabir, meditate with the mantra Rama, Rama.

6-Kabir’s legacy continues through the Kabir panth (Path of Kabir), a religious community.

7-Some historians favor 1398–1448 as the period Kabir lived,while others favor 1440–1518.Kabir’s birth and death are unclear.

8- Kabir is widely accepted to have been born and brought up in a family of Muslim weavers.

9-Kabir is widely believed to have become one of the many disciples of the Bhakti poet-sant Swami Ramananda in Varanasi, known for devotional Vaishnavism with a strong bent to monist Advaita philosophy.

10-His wife probably was named Dhania, they had at least one son named Kamal and a daughter named Kamali.

11-Kabir’s family is believed to have lived in the locality of Kabir Chaura in Varanasi.

12-Kabir’s poems were in vernacular Hindi, borrowing from various dialects including Avadhi, Braj, and Bhojpuri.

13-Kabir’s poems were verbally composed in the 15th century and transmitted viva voce through the 17th century. Kabir Bijak was compiled and written down for the first time in the 17th century.

14-Rabindranath Tagore’s English translation and compilation One Hundred Poems of Kabir was first published in 1915.

15-Charlotte Vaudeville states that the philosophy of Kabir and other sants of the Bhakti movement is the seeking of the Absolute.

16-Kabir criticized practices such as killing and eating a cow by Muslims, in a manner Hindus criticized those practices.

17-The legends about Kabir describe him as the underdog who nevertheless is victorious in trials by a Sultan, a Brahmin, a Qazi, a merchant, a god or a goddess.

18-Kabir’s literature legacy was championed by two of his disciples, Bhagodas and Dharmadas.

19- Songs of Kabir were collected by Kshitimohan Sen from mendicants across India, these were then translated to English by Rabindranath Tagore.

20-New English translations of Songs of Kabir is done by Arvind Krishna Mehrotra.

21-The title song of the Sufi fusion band Indian Ocean’s album Jhini is an energetic rendering of Kabir’s famous poem

22-Noted classical singer, late Kumar Gandharva, is widely recognized for his wonderful rendering of Kabir’s poetry.

23-Documentary filmmaker Shabnam Virmani, from the Kabir Project, has produced a series of documentaries and books tracing Kabir’s philosophy, music and poetry in present-day India and Pakistan.

24-According to Kabir, a woman prevents man’s spiritual progress.

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