Polity -Sarojini Naidu

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Sarojini Naidu

1-Sarojini Naidu was an Indian independence activist,a renowned orator and accomplished poet.

2-She is often known by the moniker ‘The Nightingale of India’.

3-Sarojini Naidu wrote the play ‘Maher Muneer’, which earned her a scholarship to study abroad.

4-She was the first woman Governor of an Indian state after independence.

5- She became the second woman president of the Indian National Congress.

6- In 1905, she published her first book, a collection of poems, under the title of ‘Golden Threshold’.

7-Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad.

8- Dr. Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay was her father. He is a scientist, philosopher, and educator and also founded the Nizam College of Hyderabad.

9- Varada Sundari Devi was her mother, a poetess in the Bengali language.

10-Sarojini Naidu was proficient in multiple languages including English, Bengali, Urdu, Telugu and Persian.

11-Sarojini Naidu applied her prodigious literary skills to write a 1300 lines long poem in English titled ‘The Lady of the Lake’.

12-Sarojini met Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu, while she was studying in England and fell in love.

13-Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu was a South Indian, and a non-Brahmin physician, with whom she married at the age of 19, with his family’s blessings. They were married by the Brahmo Marriage Act (1872).

14-She was deeply affected by the partition of Bengal in 1905 and decided to join the Indian freedom struggle.

15-She famously called Gandhi ‘Mickey Mouse’ and quipped ‘It costs a lot to keep Gandhi poor!’

16-She met Jawaharlal Nehru in 1916, worked with him for the disheartening conditions of the Indigo workers of Champaran in the western district of Bihar.

17-In 1917, she helped found the Women’s India Association with Annie Besant and other prominent leaders.

18-She accompanied Gandhi to London to take part in the Round Table Talks with the British Government in 1931.

19-She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress Party in 1925.

20-After the independence of India, she became the first governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) and remained in the role till her death in 1949.
On 2nd March 1949, Sarojini Naidu died at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

21-Sarojini Naidu’s birthday, March 2, is honoured as Women’s Day in India.

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