Biology- Glossary Terms
Substrate: It is the food on which an enzyme acts.
Products: These are the substances released by the enzymes after the reaction is completed.
Amylase: It is found in saliva and duodenum. Used in industry to convert starch to sugars to make syrups and juices.
Incisors: The Teeth adapted for cutting food.
Enzymes: It is Biological catalysts.
Denatured: The Proteins like enzymes that get denatured by heat (loses its properties).
Protease: It is an enzymes used for tenderising meat.
Active site: It is the place where the substrate enters.
Biological Washing Powders: Washing powders that contain enzymes.
Cyanide: It is an Enzyme inhibitor.
Arsenic: It is an Enzyme inhibitor.
Root: It is the lower part of the tooth.
Canines: Teeth meant For holing and tearing.
Molars: Teeth meant For chewing and grinding food.
Premolars: Teeth meant For chewing and grinding food.
Crown: It is the upper part of the tooth.
Gas exchange: The process where oxygen is absorbed by the blood and carbon dioxide is exhaled out of the body. Don’t mix gas exchange with respiration. Respiration is a chemical reaction while gas exchange is just the exchange of gases.
Organic Molecules: The Molecule containing carbon.
Lactic Acid: It is an acid produced in muscle tissues during strenuous exercise when there is lack of oxygen.
Alcoholic Fermentation: It is a type of anaerobic respiration where alcohol is a product of the chemical reaction.