General Awareness : Biology
1-Rats and mice act as carried organisms for Plague.
2-Diseases like Aids,eye infection,tetany spread through direct physical contact.
3-Mumps,influenza,measles,chickenpox,cold and cough are spread by air borne transmission.
4-Mad Cow disease is seen in Britain.
A cow with Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease.Infected animals are unable to stand
5-Inflammation of lymph vessels,lymph glands result in a disease known as Filaria.
6-Diseases such as Plague and Malaria are transmitted through another living animals known as Vector.
7-The time between entry of parasite in body and appearance of sickness is known as Incubation Period.
8-Encephalitis is caused by Culex arthropod.
9-The mosquitoes transmit Malaria has been confirmed by scientist known as Sir Ronald Ross.
10-Mumps mostly affects parotid glands.
Salivary glands: 1. Parotid gland 2. Submandibular gland 3. Sublingual gland
11-Paramyxoviruses (RNA) causes measles diseases.
12-Yellow colour of urine is due to the presence of bilirubin pigment.
13-In adults blindness occurs due to certain diseases like Glaucoma, cataract and diabetes.
14-Night Blindness is due to the deficiency of Vitamin A.
15-Biomass is the total amount of dry mass of organic matter produced in an ecosystem.
16-Biogas is produced from organic wastes by anaerobic fermentation.
17-The instrument used for determining BMR is called s Spirometer.
18-Energy in the form of small particles in light is called Quanta.
19-Synthesis of new molecules in a cell require Chemical/ATP energy.
20-Trophic level is the amount of energy present at each level in food chain.
21-Fuels of Biological origin are known as Biofuels.
22-The vitamin which is highly sensitive and destroyed upon heating is Vitamin C.
23-Dementia(loss of memory) is due to lack of Niacin.
24-Retinol is the chemical name of Vitamin A.
25-Thiamine is lost when Rice is polished.
26-Xeropthalmia is due to deficiency of Vitamin A.
27-Citrus fruit is the richest source of Vitamin C.
28-Vitamin K is required for Blood coagulation.
29-Chemical name of Vitamin D is Calciferol.
30-The deficiency of Vitamin D causes Rickets.