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US States with their Nicknames/ other Geography  imp points

1-The nickname for North Dakota (ND) is Peace Garden State. It is also known as Flickertail State or Roughrider State. Its capital is Bismarck.

2-The nickname for Ohio (OH) is Buckeye State. Its capital is Columbus

3-The nickname for Idaho (ID) is Gem State. It is also called the Gem of the Mountains. Its capital is Boise.

4-The nickname for North Carolina (NC) is Old North State. It is also known as Tar Heel State. Its capital is Raleigh.

5-The nickname for Alabama (AL) is Yellowhammer State. It is also known as Heart of Dixie. Its capital is Montgomery.

6-The nickname for New York (NY) is Empire State. Its capital is Albany.

7-The nickname for Alabama (AL) is Yellowhammer State. It is also known as Heart of Dixie. Its capital is Montgomery.

8-Longitudes are measured in degrees from 0o to 180o, east or west of the Prime Meridian. The two important lines of longitude are the Prime Meridian (0o) and the International Date Line (180o.

9-Latitudes are parallel to each other and therefore never meet. Longitudes meet at the poles.

10-The Antarctic Circle is near the south pole and the Arctic Circle is near the north pole.

11-Longitudes meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Thus, the distance between two longitudes does not remain constant. On the other hand, the distance between two latitudes remains the same.

12-Part of sea filling wide-mouthed opening of the land is called bay.The largest bay in the world is the Bay of Bengal. It has a shoreline of about 3620 km from south-eastern Sri Lanka to Pagoda Point in Myanmar. It measures 2745 km across its mouth.

13-Sloping, sandy or pebbly, shore of a body of water is beach.

14-Low land between hills or mountains is called Valley.Valleys may be broad or narrow. Valleys through which rivers or streams flow are referred to as river valleys.

15-Triangular patch of deposited silt at the mouth of a river formed by its diverging branches is delta.The largest delta is formed by the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers in West Bengal (India) and Bangla Desh. It covers an area of 76800 km.

16-Narrow strip of land joining two larger land masses is isthmus.The Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North America and South America.

17-Land jutting out into the sea is cape.Kanya Kumari (formerly Cape Comorin) in India, Cape of Good Hope in South Africa,  and Cape Kennedy (formerly Cape Canavarel) in USA are examples.
The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans meet at Cape Horn.

18-Group of islands found close together in the sea are archipelago.The Philippines in Asia is an archipelago. Lakshadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal are other examples of archipelagos .

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