History -Important Facts

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1-Suez Canal was opened in 1869.Suez Canal in Egypt connects Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, serving as a direct route for ships operating to and fro between India and Britain. Opening of the Suez Canal provided a boost to transportation between India and Britain and indirectly aggravated exploitation of India at the hands of British.

2-At the time of India’s independence in 1947, the overall literacy level was 16%. Even more alarming was the literacy levels among females which stood at 7% at the time of Independence.

3- In context of India’s Demographic history, the year 1921 is known as ‘Year of Great Divide’.

4-During British rule, the portion of the total Indian workforce was dependent on agriculture sector was 70-75%

5-Bernier was the foreign traveler, who described Bengal in 17th century as ‘Richer than Egypt’.Bernier was a French traveler, who visited India twice. His observations testify a self-sustaining and prosperous village economy which prevailed in India before the advent of British.

6-Regulating Act, 1773 made provision for establishment of Supreme Court at Calcutta.Regulating Act, 1773 was the first step aimed at establishing parliamentary control over governance of East India Company

7-Supreme Court at Calcutta was set up in the year 1774.

8-Pitt’s India Act, 1784 established ‘Dual Control’ on India.

9- Charter Act, 1813, ended commercial monopoly of East India Company in India, however it retained Company’s monopoly in Tea.

10-Macaulay Committee is related to Civil Service in British India.

11-‘Communal Award’ was the brainchild of British Prime Minster Ramsay McDonald.

12-As per provisions of Dyarchy in provinces laid out by Government of India Act, 1919, the Provincial subjects were divided into 2 categories ‘Transferred’ and ‘Reserved’ subjects.

13-‘Transferred’ subjects were to be administered by the Governor with the aid of Ministers responsible to the Legislative Council .

14-‘Reserved’ subjects were to be administered by the Governor and his executive council without any responsibility to the Legislature.

15-Indian Councils Act, 1909 was based on Morley-Minto reforms. Morley was the then Secretary of State for India and Minto was the then Viceroy of British India. Government of India Act.

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