History -Important Points For Various Examinations

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1- The time period of Indus Civilization / Harappan Civilization is 2500 BC – 1750 BC

2-Dholavira was the largest Indian site of Indus Civilization.

3-Shatughai and Mundigaq are the two Indus sites found in Afghanistan.

4-Vedic Culture was from 1500 BC to 600 BC

5-Lothal was the ancient port of Indus Civilization

6-The Epic and Early Puranic period, from c. 200 BCE to 500 CE, saw the classical “Golden Age” of Hinduism

7-The six branches of Hindu philosophy evolved are namely Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mīmāṃsā, and Vedanta.

8- The period from roughly 650 to 1100 CE forms the late Classical period or early Middle Ages.

9-James Mill in his The History of British India (1817), distinguished three phases in the history of India, namely Hindu, Muslim and British civilisations.

10-Pre-history and Indus Valley Civilisation (until c. 1750 BCE)

11- Vedic period (c. 1750-500 BCE)

12- Second Urbanisation (c. 600-200 BCE)

13- Classical Period (c. 200 BCE-1200 CE)

14- Pre-classical period (c. 200 BCE-300 CE)

15- Golden Age (Gupta Empire) (c. 320-650 CE)

16- Late-Classical period (c. 650-1200 CE)

17-Medieval Period (c. 1200-1500 CE)

18- Early Modern Period (c. 1500-1850)

19- Modern period (British Raj and independence) (from c. 1850).

20-The Indo-Aryans were a branch of the Indo-European language family, which many scholars believe originated in Kurgan culture of the Central Asian steppes,

21-The Indo-Aryans were pastoralists who migrated into north-western India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization.

22-The Indo-Aryans split-off around 1800-1600 BCE from the Iranians.

23-During the Early Vedic period (c. 1500 – 1100 BCE[63]) Vedic tribes were pastoralists, wandering around in north-west India.

24-The earliest text of the Vedas is the Rigveda, a collection of poetic hymns used in the sacrificial rites of Vedic priesthood.

25-The royal horse sacrifice (Ashvamedha) is a central rite in the Yajurveda.

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