History One-Liners for competitive examination- November 6, 2019
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Maximum questions come from this portion of different competitive exams.
Here are some important History one-liners for students competing for various exams
Watch some of the important Bits below.
1- Vikramaditya was Chandra Gupta II.
2- Ajathasatru has founded the city of modern Patna.
3-Wheat and Barley were the staple food of Indus Valley people.
4-Dravidians were the architects of Indus Valley Civilization.
5- The Johar custom prevailed among the women of Rajputs.
6- Herbert Bekar designed the Indian parliament Building.
7-Rashtrakuta king Krishna constructed the Kailash Nath Temple at Ellora.
8-Mohenjodaro and Harappa are now in Pakistan.
9- In Uttar Pradesh Buland Darwaza is situated.
10-The modern name for Panipat is Kurukshetra.
11-Battle of Buxar in India gave superior status to the Britishers.
12- Chengizkhan was known as the ‘Whip of the God’.
13- Lord Wellesley, British Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805 introduced the subsidiary alliance system in India.
14-Revolution in Turkey event was a major set back to the Khilafat Movement.
15-Passage of the Rowlatt Act event took place immediately before the massacre at Jallianwalla Bagh.
16-Mahatma Gandhi authored Hind Swaraj.
17- The first census was conducted in India in the year 1872.
18- The Ghadar Journal was first published in Urdu.
19-In 1953, under Kaka Kalelkar chairmanship the first OBC Commission was formed.
20-Martyrdom of Chandrashekhar Azad took place on February 17, 1931.
21-The first municipal corporation i.e Madras Municipal Corporation set up in India in the year 1687 preceding the Bombay and Delhi municipal corporations.
22-Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to preside a session of the Indian National Congress.
23- Kumaran Asan is associated with the social renaissance in Kerala.
* He was also known as Mahakavi Kumaran Asan, and he was one of the triumvirate poets of Kerala, South India.
* He was a philosopher, a social reformer and a disciple of Sree Narayana Guru.
24- Mahalwari System of Revenue Settlement was introduced in North-Western Provinces.
25- In Bombay and Madras, the Ryotwari System was introduced.
26-In the Northwest Provinces, the Punjab, Delhi, Parts of Central India and Uttar Pradesh, Mahalwari system was introduced.
27-Lord Cornwallis introduced Permanent settlement in Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and districts of Benaras and Northern districts of Madras in 1793.
28- The annulment of the Partition of Bengal was done by Lord Hardinge.
* Lord Hardinge held a durbar to celebrate the coronation of King George V in December 1911.
* During his time, the Capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi 1911.
* During his time, Mahatma Gandhiji came back to India from South Africa (1915).
* In his regime, Annie Besant announced the Home Rule Movement.
* It is during his time only, Hindu Maha Sabha was founded by Madan Mohan Malvi in 1915.
* On December 23, 1912, a bomb was thrown at him but luckily he escaped unhurt.
29-Shankaran Nair resigned from the membership of the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
30-Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on April 13, 1919.
31- Ras Bihari Ghosh presided over the Surat Session of Indian National Congress in 1907.
32-Lok Manya Tilak started the Ganapati Festival in 1893 and thereby gave it national character.
33-Vinoba Bhave was nominated as first Satyagrahi by Mahatma Gandhi for the Individual Satyagraha of 1940.
34- The Vernacular Press Act was introduced by Lord Lytton.
35-The Madras Labour Union was founded by B.P. Wadia along with V. Kalyanasundaram Mudaliar.
36-Muslim League observed the Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946.
37- Vinoba Bhave was nominated as first Satyagrahi by Mahatma Gandhi for the Individual Satyagraha of 1940.
38-The first registered Trade Union of India was Madras Labour Union.
39-Brihadrata was the last ruler of the Mauryan Dynasty, who was assassinated by Pushyamitra Sunga, his commander-in-chief.
40- Kushan Emperor Kujula Kadphises was the first to introduce the gold coinage in India.
41-The most unique feature of the Dholavira site of the Indus Valley Civilization is that its cities were divided into 3 parts.
42-Parshvanath was the 23rd Jain Tirthankara.
* He was the son of Ashvasena, King of Banaras (Varanasi).
43-According to Gautama, the king was the ruler of all except Brahmanas.
42-Chandragupta Il succeeded Samudragupta as the next ruler of the Gupta Dynasty.
More History Bits
* Some titled Chandragupta ll (380-412 A.D.) adopted were Vikramank, Vikramaditya and Parambhagawat.
* He was also popularly called as Devgupta, Devraj, and Devshree.
43- Indian scholar, journalist, historian, administrator, and diplomat K. M. Panikkar said that the British established a robber state in Bengal between 1765 and 1772.
44- By the Treaty of Bassein, the Peshwa accepted the Subsidiary Alliance with the British.
45-Mehrgarh, located in the Baluchistan state of Pakistan has given the earliest evidence of agriculture in the Indian subcontinent.
46- Shivaji established an independent Maratha nation in 1674.
47-Peshwas were the loyal ministers of Marathas state.
48-Among seven Peshwas, Balaji Rao I was the ablest Peshwas.
49-Balaji Vishwanath- (AD 1713 to 1721) was appointed as a Peshwa (Prime Minister) by Sahuji in 1713.
50-Bajirao Peshwa I (AD 1721 to 1740) was the eldest son of Balaji Vishwanath.
51-Balaji Baji Rao (AD 1740-1761) was popularly known as Nana Saheb.
52-Peshwa Madhav Rao I was the eldest surviving member of the Peshwas family.
53-Bajirao Peshwa I was known for his guerrilla tactics after Shivaji.
* He has succeeded his father Balaji Vishwanath as Peshwas at the young age of 20.
54-The Peshwas called their secretariat as Huzur Daftar which was situated in Poona.
55-Chhatrapati Shivaji was the son of Shahji Bhosle and Jija Bai.
56- Chhatrapati Shivaji appointed eight ministers. They were called ‘Astapradhan’. They assist him in the administrative helm of affairs.
57-Under the supervision of his mother and an able Brahmin Dadaji Konda-dev, Shivaji was brought up at Poona.
58- It is Dadaji Konda-dev, who made Shivaji an expert soldier and an efficient administrator.
59-The Sultan of Bijapur as part of his conspiracy sent his general, Afzal Khan, to capture Shivaji.
* Shivaji escaped and killed him with a deadly weapon called Baghnakh or tiger’s claw.
60-The Sultan of Bijapur made a peace treaty with Shivaji in the year 1662 and made him as an independent ruler of his conquered territories.
61-Shivaji declared himself as an independent ruler of Maratha Kingdom in AD 1674.
* He was crowned as Chhatrapati at Raigarh.
62- Shivaji gets the title of ‘Haidava Dharmodharka’ (Protector of Hindu faith) after the coronation.
63-Shivaji levied a tax on the land which was one-fourth of the land revenue i.e. Chauth or Chauthai.
64-The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy ruled from 1674 to 1818.
65-The Maratha administration is learned to be studied under three heads namely Central Administration; Revenue Administration; and Military Administration.
66-Shivaji abolished the Jagirdari System and he replaced it with Ryotwari System.
67-Shivaji supervised the Mirasdars who had hereditary rights inland.
68-Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were other sources of income in Sivaji’s administration.
69-The Pratiharas and the Palas are the two dynasties of Northern India, which confronted with the Rashtrakutas.
70- The Dholavira is the largest Indus Valley Site in independent India.
* The Dholavira site has been excavated by the R S Bisht team of ASI. It had three citadels.
71-The British East India Company secured the Diwani right of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa under the Treaty of Allahabad ( 16 August 1765).
72-S. N. Sen has given a statement with reference to 1857 mutiny that ‘The Meerut outbreak was sudden and short-lived like a summer gale’.
73- In 1668 A.D. Bombay transferred to the East India Company by Charles II.
74-Subhash Chandra Bose is called a beacon of light of Asia.
75-Jahangir had written the book Tuzuk-i- jahangiri.
76- The name of the capital of Anga (a mahajapada) was Champa.
77-Moplah revolt had taken place at Kerala.
78-Munro and Charles Reed introduced the Ryotwari System in India.
79-The Rigvedic name of river Ravi was Parushni.
80-Dadabhai Naoroji had written the book poverty and un-British rule in India.
81- Unicorn is the most common motif of the Indus Seals.
82- The Shatapatha Brahmana is related to Yajurveda.
* Yajurveda is the book of sacrificial prayers.
83- Ashoka made his famous declaration, ‘All men are my children’ on Separate Kalinga Rock Edict I inscriptions.
84- The Harappans worshipped Mother Goddess, Pashupati Shiva, Peepal, Pigeon, Swastik.
85-Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru presided the historic Lahore session of 1929 of the Indian National Congress.
86-Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel presided the Karachi session of the Indian National Congress in 1931.
87-Annie Besant launched the Home Rule Movement in 1916.
88-Rajendra Prasad joined Mahatma Gandhi in the Champaran Satyagraha held on April 10, 1917.
89- The execution of Bhagat Singh took place on March 23, 1931.
90- Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was the author of Anand Math.
History Bits Continue
91-Gopal Krishna Gokhle founded the organization servants of Indian society.
92-Under the leadership of Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee, the first meeting of the Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in 1885 A.D.
93-Wood’s Despatch, 1854 is the Magna Carta of the western education system in India.
94-Sri Narayan Guru preached the doctrine of ‘One religion, one caste and one God for mankind’.
95- The English, Nizam of Hyderabad and The Marathas entered into a triple alliance against Haider immediately before the first Anglo-Mysore war of 1767-69.
96- Colbert was the founder of the French East India Company for trade in India.
97- Mysore was annexed into the East India territories via the Doctrine of Lapse.
98-Begum Hazrat Mahal was the leader of the revolt of 1857 in Lucknow.
99-Poverty and Un British Rule in India is the book written by Dadabhai Naoroji.
* In this book, Dadabhai Naoroji made important observations about the decline of the Indian Economy during the British Era.
100- During the times of Governor-General Lord Ellenborough, Act V declared slavery as illegal.
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