History of Modern India Quiz

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History of Modern India Quiz- April 8, 2024

Q: When did Modern Indian history begin? A: Roughly around the mid-18th century.
Q: What empire’s decline paved the way for British influence? A: The Mughal Empire.
Q: Which European traders came to India first? A: The Portuguese.
Q: What company started British colonization efforts in India? A: The British East India Company.
Q: What was the first major British military victory in India? A: The Battle of Plassey (1757).
Q: What event in 1857 challenged British rule? A: The Sepoy Mutiny.
Q: What social reform movement aimed to end child marriage? A: The Brahmo Samaj.
Q: Who is known as the “Father of the Nation” in India? A: Mahatma Gandhi.
Q: What was the main ideology behind the Indian National Congress? A: Nationalism.
Q: What strategy of resistance did Gandhi popularize? A: Satyagraha (non-violent resistance).
Q: What was the impact of the Rowlatt Act? A: Curtailed civil liberties in response to dissent.
Q: What was the Amritsar Massacre of 1919? A: British troops fired on unarmed Indian civilians.
Q: What boycott movement aimed to weaken British economic control? A: The Swadeshi movement.
Q: Who was the founder of the Muslim League? A: Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Q: What was the key demand of the Muslim League? A: A separate Muslim state.
Q: What event in 1947 marked the end of British rule? A: Indian Independence and Partition.
Q: What were the two new dominions created in 1947? A: India and Pakistan.
Q: Who was the first Prime Minister of independent India? A: Jawaharlal Nehru.
Q: What foreign policy did Nehru champion? A: Non-alignment (remaining neutral in Cold War).
Q: What major conflict did India have with Pakistan in 1971? A: Bangladesh Liberation War.
Q: Who was the first female Prime Minister of India? A: Indira Gandhi.
Q: What economic reforms were introduced in the 1990s? A: Liberalization and privatization.

History of Modern India Quiz Questions with Answers continues

Q: What is the world’s largest democracy? A: India.
Q: What are some of the challenges faced by modern India? A: Poverty, corruption, and social inequality.
Q: What is India’s information technology sector known as? A: Silicon Valley of India.
Q: What space program achievement did India have in 2014? A: Mangalyaan mission reached Mars orbit.
Q: What is the dominant religion in India? A: Hinduism.
Q: What is the national language of India? A: Hindi (along with English and 21 other official languages).
Q: What is the world’s second-most populous country? A: India.
Q: What mountain range forms a natural border between India and China? A: The Himalayas.
Q: What is the sacred river that flows through northern India? A: The Ganges.
Q: What is the name of India’s classical music tradition? A: Carnatic music (South) and Hindustani music (North).
Q: What is a traditional Indian garment for women? A: Sari.
Q: What is the national sport of India? A: Hockey.
Q: What is the name of the world-famous monument to love in India? A: Taj Mahal.
Q: What is the ancient city known for its yoga centers? A: Rishikesh.
Q: What is Bollywood, and where is it located? A: The Indian film industry, centered in Mumbai.
Q: What spicy lentil stew is a vegetarian staple in India? A: Dal.
Q: What is the national animal of India? A: Royal Bengal tiger.

Q: What is the national bird of India? A: Indian peacock.

Q: What epic poems are considered foundational texts of Hinduism? A: Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Q: What is the caste system, and how has it impacted Indian society? A: A social hierarchy impacting social mobility.
Q: What was the impact of the Green Revolution? A: Increased agricultural production in India.
Q: What is the Bhakti movement known for? A: Emphasizing devotion and personal connection with the divine.
Q: Who was Akbar, and how did he approach religious tolerance? A: A Mughal emperor who promoted religious pluralism.
Q: What is the Indus Valley Civilization, and when did it flourish? A: An ancient civilization in northwestern India (3300-1300 BCE).
Q: What are some of the languages spoken in southern India? A: Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.
Q: What is the difference between chutney and curry? A: Chutney is a condiment, while curry is a broader term for various spiced dishes.
Q: What is Diwali, and how is it celebrated? A: The Hindu festival of lights, celebrated with fireworks, feasts, and diyas (oil lamps).

Q: What is the Green Revolution, and how did it impact India?

A: The Green Revolution was a period of agricultural transformation in India, starting in the 1960s. It involved adopting modern farming techniques like high-yielding crop varieties (HYVs), fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation systems. This resulted in a significant increase in food grain production, particularly wheat and rice, making India more self-sufficient in food security.

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