Revolt of 1857
1-It was the first rebellion against the East India Company.
2-The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. It ended on 20 June 1858.
3-The first martyr of 1957 revolt was Mangal Pandey. He attacked his British sergeant on 29 March 1857 at Barrackpore
4-The revolt was started due to the induction of enfield riffles in the army. It was reported that the cartridges used in the riffles were made of pig fat and cow fat which were restricted for the Muslims and Hindus respectively.
5-The heavy taxation, evictions, discriminatory tariff policy against Indian products and destruction of traditional handicrafts are the causes of the revolt. The Doctrine of lapse is also considered as one of the reasons for the revolt.
6- Lord Canning was the governor general at that time.
Revolt of 1857 and the centres it spread and the leaders associated with it—–
Delhi – Bahadur Shah II, Bakht Khan
Varanasi – Liaquat Ali
Jhansi – Rani Lakshmi Bai
Kanpur – Nana Saheb, Tantia tope, Azimullah Khan
Awadh – Veer Kunwar Singh
Bareilly – Khan Bhadur Khan
Lucknow – Hazrat Mahal (Begum of Awadh)
Results/Impact of 1857 war
* The Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.
* East India Company’s rule ended in India and the ruler ship was handed over to the Queen Victoria.
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